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参考文献

エンゾジノール研究– PDFs

Kim, D. S.;Kim, M. S.;Kang, S. W.;Sung, H. Y.;Kang, Y. H. Pine Bark Extract Enzogenol Attenuated Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha-Induced Endothelial Cell Adhesion and Monocyte Transmigration. J Agric Food Chem 58: 7088; 2010. (pdf)

Pipingas, A.;Silberstein, R. B.;Vitetta, L.;Rooy, C. V.;Harris, E. V.;Young, J. M., et al. Improved cognitive performance after dietary supplementation with a Pinus radiata bark extract Formulation. Phytotherapy Research 22:9 p1168-1174; 2008. (pdf)

Chayasirisobhon, S. Use of a pine bark extract and antioxidant vitamin combination product as therapy for migraine in patients refractory to pharmacologic medication. Headache 46: 788-793; 2006. (pdf)

Young, J. M.;Shand, B. I.;Mcgregor, P. M.;Scott, R. S.;Frampton, C. M. Comparative effects of enzogenol and vitamin C supplementation versus vitamin C alone on endothelial function and biochemical markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in chronic smokers. Free Radic Res 40: 85-94; 2006. (pdf)

Shand, B.;Strey, C.;Scott, R.;Morrison, Z.;Gieseg, S. Pilot study on the clinical effects of dietary supplementation with Enzogenol, a flavonoid extract of pine bark and vitamin C. Phytother Res 17: 490-494; 2003. (pdf)

Senthilmohan, S. T.;Zhang, J.;Stanley, R. A. Effects of flavonoid extract Enzogenol® with vitamin C on protein oxidation and DNA damage in older human subjects. Nutrition Research 23: 1199-1210; 2003. (pdf)


Wood, J. E.;Senthilmohan, S. T.;Peskin, A. V. Antioxidant activity of procyanidin-containing plant extracts at different pHs. Food Chemistry 77: 155-161; 2002. (pdf)


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